Exodontia.Info
Alveoplasty (Alveoloplasty)
An alveoplasty (also called an alveoloplasty) is a
surgical procedure that smoothes or re-contour the
jawbone (s).

An alveoplasty is done in areas where teeth have been
removed or lost (especially if a dental clearance has been
done).

An
alveoplasty can be done alone but is usually done at the
same time that teeth are extracted.

When teeth are extracted, the residual
dento-alveolus /
alveolar ridge (jaw bone ridge) can present irregularities,
undercuts or bone spicules (
sequestra), which, if not
removed before placement of the partial or complete
denture, can lead to injury and stability / retention problems
of the denture.

If the
alveolar ridge is suspected of presenting abnormal
shape after the extraction of one or more teeth, in order to
avoid such a possibility, an
alveoloplasty must be
performed at the same surgical session.

Some patients require minor oral surgical procedures in
order to properly fit a denture and ensure comfort.  In
order to properly fit a denture, the bone may require
smoothing and reshaping.

Frequently,
exostoses or tori need to be removed prior to
denture insertion.
An alveoplasty also aims to facilitate the healing procedure
as well as the successful placement of a future prosthetic
restoration.

Faster healing is important for certain people, such as
cancer patients.  They may need to have decayed teeth
extracted before they receive radiation therapy to the head
or neck.  
Radiation can ‘dry up’ the salivary glands and
reduce blood flow to the jaw, increasing the risk of further
decay and infection of the jaw bones (
osteo-radio-
necrosis
).  Once the teeth are removed, radiation therapy
cannot begin until the sockets are healed.

Alveoplasty will help the area heal faster so therapy is not
delayed.  In this case,
alveoplasty may need to be done
even if only a single tooth is removed.

An
alveoplasty can be 'simple' and can be slightly more
involved (
radical, inter-radicular / inter-septal).
Last Updated 18th February 2011