Dental Emergencies & Trauma
In this sense, trauma to teeth and their supporting tissues. This involves injuries to the dental hard tissues (enamel, dentine and cement), the pulp and the alveolar process, to concussion of the tooth to avulsion of the tooth and its re-implacement within its socket.
This is a broad subject and other people explain it far better than me.
Regardless though, I list here very useful websites and also a variety of articles about dental trauma.
Photo of dental trauma, effecting the right incisors and lower canine, with the avulsion of the upper right central dento-alveolar fracture containing the lower right incisors and canine.
British Dental Health Foundation – Cracked Teeth
Emedicine – Dental, Avulsed Tooth
Emedicine – Dental, Displaced Tooth
Emedicine – Dental, Fractured Tooth
American Association of Endodontists
International Association of Dental Traumatology
Royal Children’s Hospital, Melbourne
BMJ 2000. Dental Damage, Sequelae and Prevention
BMJ 2000. ABC of Oral Health – Dental Emergencies
BMJ 2000. ABC of Oral Health – Improving Occlusion and Oro-Facial Aesthetics: Tooth Repair and Replacement
Chapter 5 – Dental Emergencies
J Can Dent Assoc 2003. Avulsions and Intrusions – the Controversial Displacement Injuries
American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry 2004. Clinical Guideline on Management of Acute Dental Trauma
American Association of Endodontists 2004. Recommended Guidelines of the American Association of Endodontists for the Treatment of Traumatic Dental Injuries
American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry 2010. Guideline on Management of Acute Dental Trauma
Dental Traumatology 2020. International Association of Dental Traumatology Guidelines for the Management of Traumatic Dental Injuries